This Handbook provides a comprehensive overview of the modern economics of education literature, bringing together a series of original contributions by globally renowned experts in their fields. Covering a wide variety of topics, each chapter assesses the most recent research with an emphasis on skills, evaluation and data analytics. Beginning with an analysis of the economic returns to education, the Handbook proceeds to examine educational production functions, various funding models, and the labour market for educators. The Handbook goes beyond these traditional concerns of the economics of education, by revealing how the methods of economics can be applied in the context of education to open up the 'black box' of production in this sector. Detailed analysis and evaluation of educational production offers practical solutions and reveals considerable new insight about the specific interventions that can be made to enhance the value of schooling. Significant new lines of research are also suggested. This Handbook should be read by economists, policy-makers and practitioners in the field of education. Academics in the areas of the economics of education, labour economics and educational policy will also find this Handbook invaluable for current and further research.